Developing human capital indicators: A three-way approach

Tzu Shian Han*, Carol Yeh Yun Lin, Mavis Yi Ching Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to develop human capital indicators in the management practices of Taiwanese enterprises. The research design encompassed three stages. First, 56 human capital indicators were drawn from the literature and a questionnaire was implemented regarding the applicability of these indicators. Second, a ground approach asked EMBA executives to provide five key human capital indicators that are valuable and important to his or her company. Third, the empirical human capital indicators that are adopted in relevant top-tier journal papers were compared to the results of the previous two stages. The comparison results in the selection of ten human capital indicators, including employee competence, job accountability, professional tenure, employee commitment, employee cooperativeness, employee skills, employee creativity, employee professional knowledge, organisational tenure and employee education level. Some managerial implications and research suggestions are also proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-403
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Human capital
  • Human capital indicators
  • Human capital measurement
  • Intellectual capital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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