Developing geometry thinking through multimedia learning activities

Kuo En Chang*, Yao Ting Sung, Song Ying Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a multimedia learning software program named GeoCAL is described. It is based on van Hiele's geometric thinking level theory, which consists of four levels: recognition, visual association, description/analysis, and abstraction/relation. In addition to presenting the software design, this study also explores the learning effects of GeoCAL on each of the geometric thinking levels and on overall geometric thinking. The subjects of this study are second-grade elementary school students of an average age of eight who have not previously had formal lessons in geometry. The experimental results indicate that, with the exception of recognition ability, GeoCAL produces significant learning effects on visual association, description/analysis and abstraction/relation as well as overall geometric thinking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2212-2229
Number of pages18
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sept


  • Computer-assisted learning
  • Geometry learning
  • Multimedia learning
  • van Hiele's geometric thinking level theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • General Psychology


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