Developing a survey for assessing preferences in constructivist context-aware ubiquitous learning environments

P. S. Tsai, C. C. Tsai, G. J. Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)


This study developed a survey to explore students' preferences in constructivist context-aware ubiquitous learning environments. A constructivist context-aware ubiquitous learning (u-learning) environment survey (CULES) was developed, consisting of eight scales, including ease of use, continuity, relevance, adaptive content, multiple sources, timely guidance, student negotiation, and inquiry learning. The survey responses were gathered from 215 university students from five universities in Taiwan. The students all had actual experience of using u-learning systems in u-learning environments. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the CULES had high reliability and validity. The structural model revealed that the provision of realistic and close-to-real-life information could enhance students' preferences for timely guidance, student negotiation, and inquiry-learning activities. In addition, the attainment of inquiry learning is quite challenging when designing u-learning activities, as it involves the enhancement of the other CULES scales.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-264
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Learning
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes



  • Constructivist epistemology
  • Context awareness
  • Student-centred learning
  • Ubiquitous learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications

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