Determination of nitroaromatic explosives residue at military shooting ranges using a sweeping-MEKC method

Ying Ying Yang, Ju Tsung Liu, Cheng Huang Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


We report on the application of sweeping-MEKC, for the first time, using the Environmental Protection Agency Method 8330 stock standard (a mixture of 14 explosives). The use of a traditional MEKC mode provided the LODs (at S/N = 3) ranging from 1.5 to 2.9 μg/mL for the 14 explosives standards, which were improved by as low as 3.1-6.5 ng/mL when a sweeping-MEKC technique was used. A set of 21 soil samples were collected from surface soil at military shooting ranges located at Kinmen County in Taiwan, and the findings showed that hexahydro-1,3,5-trini-tro-1,3,5-triazine and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene made up the explosives residue present at the highest concentrations. This study is very useful for determining current levels of explosives residue and as a reference for making appropriate recommendations concerning future site characterization techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1084-1087
Number of pages4
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 1



  • Environmental Protection Agency Method 8330
  • Explosive
  • Nitroaromatic
  • Soil
  • Sweeping-MEKC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this