Design and experimental verification of an active energy management module for a three-energy-source electric vehicle

Yi Hsuan Hung, Tzu Cheng Chou, Cheng Yen Lee, K. David Huang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This research aims at developing an active energy management system for an experimental platform of the multi-energy-source electric vehicle (EV). The main purposes are to deal with the shortages of long charging time, short battery life cycles, and insufficient mileage of EVs. Hence, this research was separated into three segments: (1) active power distribution hardware, and (2) performance verification on an experimental platform. The selected green energy sources for EVs are fuel cells, supercapacitors and lithium batteries. The fuel cell were determined to be the range extension source, the batteries were the main energy provider, while the supercapacitors was the high-power-assist device. The energy management was with four modes: EV mode, hybrid mode, range-extension (RE) mode, and the supercapacitor-power assist mode. For the active power distribution hardware, a self-designed control board was integrated at the input for traction power and (or) output for charging power of each energy source. It consists of a DC/DC converter to regulate the output current (power), a variable resistance to control the commanded voltage for the regulated current, and twelve electric capacitors for the current filter as well as for the compensation of slow dynamics of IC circuit. The energy management control was coded on the Matlab/Simulink environment, and was consequently downloaded to a rapid-prototyping controller, where the inputs are the traction motor power and the outputs are the regulated current commands of three energy sources. Experimental results show that under various battery state-of-charge (SOC), and time-variant outload, the active power module provide the proper energy management online. The implementation on a real EV will be conducted in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Advanced Materials for Science and Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationInnovation, Science and Engineering, IEEE-ICAMSE 2016
EditorsTeen-Hang Meen, Stephen D. Prior, Artde Donald Kin-Tak Lam
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages293-296
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509038695
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 2
Event2016 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Materials for Science and Engineering, IEEE-ICAMSE 2016 - Tainan, Taiwan
Duration: 2016 Nov 122016 Nov 13

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Advanced Materials for Science and Engineering: Innovation, Science and Engineering, IEEE-ICAMSE 2016

Other

Other2016 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Materials for Science and Engineering, IEEE-ICAMSE 2016
CountryTaiwan
CityTainan
Period16/11/1216/11/13

Keywords

  • Control
  • Electric Vehicle
  • Energy Management
  • Fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Media Technology
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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  • Cite this

    Hung, Y. H., Chou, T. C., Lee, C. Y., & Huang, K. D. (2017). Design and experimental verification of an active energy management module for a three-energy-source electric vehicle. In T-H. Meen, S. D. Prior, & A. D. K-T. Lam (Eds.), Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Advanced Materials for Science and Engineering: Innovation, Science and Engineering, IEEE-ICAMSE 2016 (pp. 293-296). [7840317] (Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Advanced Materials for Science and Engineering: Innovation, Science and Engineering, IEEE-ICAMSE 2016). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICAMSE.2016.7840317