Cultural bridging through shared adventure: Cross-cultural perspectives on adventure therapy

Christine L. Norton, Chi Mou Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the importance of the therapeutic relationship and the need for cultural competence in adventure therapy. Cultural differences between therapist and client can sometimes result in possible misinterpretation and conflict, which can lead to problems in the therapeutic relationship and negatively affect treatment outcomes. This paper builds on current research in adventure education and therapy examining the therapeutic relationship, cultural competence and multicultural factors, and emphasizes the need for cultural bridging through shared adventure. A framework is presented for using shared adventure to develop the therapeutic relationship cross-culturally in adventure therapy. An example of a Taiwanese adventure therapy initiative is presented highlighting the use of shared adventure to create a cultural bridge following a natural disaster in the Szechuan province of China.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-188
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • Adventure therapy
  • Cross-cultural competence
  • Disaster response initiatives
  • Multi-cultural factors
  • Therapeutic relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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