Critical thinking in collaboration: Talk less, perceive more

Na Sun, Chien Wen Yuan, Mary Beth Rosson, Wu Yu, John M. Carroll

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Collaborative learning technology has been used across disciplines in support of argument development. These technologies allow multiple users to concurrently analyze and edit documents in the same online virtual space, and can offer richer cues for collaboration awareness. However, little is known about how such synchronization mechanisms work together to support small group collaborative argumentation. This exploratory study reports the experiences and reactions of 14 dyads that worked together using Critical Thinker, a web application that allows learners to collaboratively develop structured arguments in a synchronous workspace with collaboration affordances. Our qualitative data shows how the structural juxtaposition provided by the tool can scaffold dialectical construction of arguments, while the synchronization mechanisms can facilitate collaborative learning tasks. We use these findings to inform ongoing design efforts to deploy Critical Thinker as classroom technology. This paper reports how synchronization mechanisms can work together in Critical Thinker, a web application that allows learners to develop structured arguments collaboratively in a synchronous workspace with awareness support.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCHI 2017 Extended Abstracts - Proceedings of the 2017 ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Subtitle of host publicationExplore, Innovate, Inspire
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages2944-2950
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781450346566
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 6
Externally publishedYes
Event2017 ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI EA 2017 - Denver, United States
Duration: 2017 May 62017 May 11

Publication series

NameConference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings
VolumePart F127655

Conference

Conference2017 ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI EA 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDenver
Period2017/05/062017/05/11

Keywords

  • Computer supported collaborative learning
  • Critical thinking
  • Synchrnous collaborative argumentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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