Control strategy and verification of reducing battery polarization characteristics to improve unmanned aerial vehicles endurance

Yu Lin Lee*, Chang Hua Lin, Kai Jun Pai, Ching Jan Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study focuses on extending the duration of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) by improving their power systems and introduces an extended endurance system (EES) for UAVs using a combination of lithium-ion batteries (LiBs) and lithium-ion capacitors (LiCs). Subsequently, a novel control strategy is proposed within the EES to enhance the UAV's endurance by improving the LiB's utilization. The EES control strategy incorporates the Lic's utilization to supplement the load with additional energy once the LiB is depleted. This implementation extends the flight duration and surpasses the duration extension resulting from reducing the LiB concentration polarization phenomenon due to the LiC. The hardware experiment and the simulation verify the proposed EES. The results indicate that the extension of UAV's endurance brought about by LiC is limited. Notably, the extension in endurance is primarily attributed to the innovative control strategy implemented within the proposed EES. Due to the LiC, this strategy significantly enhances the LiB's utilization by mitigating the concentration polarization phenomenon associated with it. As a result, the LiB's energy (utilization%) experiences substantial increments of 16.0 %, 25.5 %, and 22.7 % during hovering, altitude variation, and loaded hovering scenarios, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number233787
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume591
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan 30

Keywords

  • Concentration polarization phenomenon
  • Extended endurance system
  • Flight duration
  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Lithium-ion capacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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