Contribution of urban runoff in Taipei metropolitan area to dissolved inorganic nitrogen export in the Danshui River, Taiwan

Nae Wen Kuo, Shih Hao Jien, Nien Ming Hong, Yao Te Chen, Tsung Yu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A previous study has demonstrated that Danshui River has almost the highest dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) yield in the world and exports most of the DIN in the form of ammonium unlike the world’s large rivers. However, the DIN sources are poorly constrained. In this study, the contributions of major sources in the Taipei metropolitan area to the DIN export in the Danshui River were investigated. It is observed that ammonium is the major DIN species in the downstream reaches, resulting from the ammonium-dominated inputs of the effluents of wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) and rain water pumping stations (RWPS). DIN concentrations in the downstream (urban) reaches are substantially elevated. The upstream tributaries annually discharge ∼2709 t DIN to the downstream reaches. However, the DIN discharge off the downstream reaches rises to ∼17,918 t, resulting from the contribution of RWPS-collected water, i.e., ∼14,632 t, and the effluents of two WWTP, i.e., ∼577 t. RWPS-collected water inherently contains the contribution of atmospheric deposition, ∼2937 t DIN. This finding implies that ∼11,695 t (∼66 % of the downstream output) DIN flux off the Danshui River is from urban runoff and can be attributed to human activities in the Taipei metropolitan area. To improve the water quality in the Danshui River, water quality controls in urban runoff are important.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578-590
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Fingerprint

dissolved inorganic nitrogen
Runoff
Taiwan
Rivers
metropolitan area
Nitrogen
runoff
river
Rain
Ammonium Compounds
Water
pumping
ammonium
Water Quality
Waste Water
Wastewater treatment
Water quality
Effluents
effluent
water quality

Keywords

  • Nonpoint source pollution
  • Rain water pumping station
  • Urban runoff
  • Urbanization
  • Wastewater treatment plant
  • Water pollution control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Contribution of urban runoff in Taipei metropolitan area to dissolved inorganic nitrogen export in the Danshui River, Taiwan. / Kuo, Nae Wen; Jien, Shih Hao; Hong, Nien Ming; Chen, Yao Te; Lee, Tsung Yu.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 578-590.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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