Contralateral Repeated Bout Effect of Eccentric Exercise of the Elbow Flexors

Trevor C. Chen, Hsin Lian Chen, Ming Ju Lin, Hui I. Yu, Kazunori Nosaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose This study compared the magnitude of the repeated bout effect (RBE) for different time intervals between two bouts of eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors to better understand the contralateral RBE (CL-RBE). Methods Untrained young men (22.0 ± 1.8 yr) were allocated to either a control or one of seven CL-RBE groups (n = 13 per group). The CL-RBE groups performed exercise consisting of 30 maximal isokinetic (30°·s-1) eccentric contractions of the elbow flexors (ECC1) with either dominant or nondominant arm followed 0.5 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h (1 d), 7 d (1 wk), 28 d (4 wk), or 56 d (8 wk) by the same exercise (ECC2) using the opposite arm. The control group used the nondominant arm for ECC1 and ECC2 separated by 2 wk. Results Maximal voluntary concentric contraction torque, peak torque angle, range of motion, upper arm circumference, muscle soreness, ultrasound echo intensity, and plasma creatine kinase activity and myoglobin concentration changed (P < 0.05) after ECC1, without significant difference among the groups. Changes in all variables after ECC2 were smaller (P < 0.05) than those after ECC1 for the control, 1 d, 1 wk, and 4 wk groups, indicating the RBE. However, the changes were not significantly different between ECC1 and ECC2 for the 0.5 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 8 wk groups. The difference in the changes in all variables between ECC1 and ECC2 was smaller for the 1 d (70%), 1 wk (55%), and 4 wk (36%) than the control group (91%), and the magnitude of the CL-RBE was reduced with increasing the time between bouts from 1 d to 4 wk (P < 0.05). Conclusion These results suggest that the CL-RBE lasts shorter than the ipsilateral RBE (>8 wk) and requires a day to be conferred.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2030-2039
Number of pages10
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume48
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Elbow
Arm
Exercise
Torque
Myoglobin
Myalgia
Creatine Kinase
Articular Range of Motion
Control Groups

Keywords

  • CROSS-EDUCATION EFFECT
  • DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS
  • IPSILATERAL REPEATED BOUT EFFECT
  • MAXIMAL VOLUNTARY CONTRACTION
  • MUSCLE DAMAGE
  • PROTECTIVE EFFECT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Contralateral Repeated Bout Effect of Eccentric Exercise of the Elbow Flexors. / Chen, Trevor C.; Chen, Hsin Lian; Lin, Ming Ju; Yu, Hui I.; Nosaka, Kazunori.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 48, No. 10, 01.10.2016, p. 2030-2039.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Trevor C. ; Chen, Hsin Lian ; Lin, Ming Ju ; Yu, Hui I. ; Nosaka, Kazunori. / Contralateral Repeated Bout Effect of Eccentric Exercise of the Elbow Flexors. In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2016 ; Vol. 48, No. 10. pp. 2030-2039.
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abstract = "Purpose This study compared the magnitude of the repeated bout effect (RBE) for different time intervals between two bouts of eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors to better understand the contralateral RBE (CL-RBE). Methods Untrained young men (22.0 ± 1.8 yr) were allocated to either a control or one of seven CL-RBE groups (n = 13 per group). The CL-RBE groups performed exercise consisting of 30 maximal isokinetic (30°·s-1) eccentric contractions of the elbow flexors (ECC1) with either dominant or nondominant arm followed 0.5 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h (1 d), 7 d (1 wk), 28 d (4 wk), or 56 d (8 wk) by the same exercise (ECC2) using the opposite arm. The control group used the nondominant arm for ECC1 and ECC2 separated by 2 wk. Results Maximal voluntary concentric contraction torque, peak torque angle, range of motion, upper arm circumference, muscle soreness, ultrasound echo intensity, and plasma creatine kinase activity and myoglobin concentration changed (P < 0.05) after ECC1, without significant difference among the groups. Changes in all variables after ECC2 were smaller (P < 0.05) than those after ECC1 for the control, 1 d, 1 wk, and 4 wk groups, indicating the RBE. However, the changes were not significantly different between ECC1 and ECC2 for the 0.5 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 8 wk groups. The difference in the changes in all variables between ECC1 and ECC2 was smaller for the 1 d (70{\%}), 1 wk (55{\%}), and 4 wk (36{\%}) than the control group (91{\%}), and the magnitude of the CL-RBE was reduced with increasing the time between bouts from 1 d to 4 wk (P < 0.05). Conclusion These results suggest that the CL-RBE lasts shorter than the ipsilateral RBE (>8 wk) and requires a day to be conferred.",
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N2 - Purpose This study compared the magnitude of the repeated bout effect (RBE) for different time intervals between two bouts of eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors to better understand the contralateral RBE (CL-RBE). Methods Untrained young men (22.0 ± 1.8 yr) were allocated to either a control or one of seven CL-RBE groups (n = 13 per group). The CL-RBE groups performed exercise consisting of 30 maximal isokinetic (30°·s-1) eccentric contractions of the elbow flexors (ECC1) with either dominant or nondominant arm followed 0.5 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h (1 d), 7 d (1 wk), 28 d (4 wk), or 56 d (8 wk) by the same exercise (ECC2) using the opposite arm. The control group used the nondominant arm for ECC1 and ECC2 separated by 2 wk. Results Maximal voluntary concentric contraction torque, peak torque angle, range of motion, upper arm circumference, muscle soreness, ultrasound echo intensity, and plasma creatine kinase activity and myoglobin concentration changed (P < 0.05) after ECC1, without significant difference among the groups. Changes in all variables after ECC2 were smaller (P < 0.05) than those after ECC1 for the control, 1 d, 1 wk, and 4 wk groups, indicating the RBE. However, the changes were not significantly different between ECC1 and ECC2 for the 0.5 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 8 wk groups. The difference in the changes in all variables between ECC1 and ECC2 was smaller for the 1 d (70%), 1 wk (55%), and 4 wk (36%) than the control group (91%), and the magnitude of the CL-RBE was reduced with increasing the time between bouts from 1 d to 4 wk (P < 0.05). Conclusion These results suggest that the CL-RBE lasts shorter than the ipsilateral RBE (>8 wk) and requires a day to be conferred.

AB - Purpose This study compared the magnitude of the repeated bout effect (RBE) for different time intervals between two bouts of eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors to better understand the contralateral RBE (CL-RBE). Methods Untrained young men (22.0 ± 1.8 yr) were allocated to either a control or one of seven CL-RBE groups (n = 13 per group). The CL-RBE groups performed exercise consisting of 30 maximal isokinetic (30°·s-1) eccentric contractions of the elbow flexors (ECC1) with either dominant or nondominant arm followed 0.5 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h (1 d), 7 d (1 wk), 28 d (4 wk), or 56 d (8 wk) by the same exercise (ECC2) using the opposite arm. The control group used the nondominant arm for ECC1 and ECC2 separated by 2 wk. Results Maximal voluntary concentric contraction torque, peak torque angle, range of motion, upper arm circumference, muscle soreness, ultrasound echo intensity, and plasma creatine kinase activity and myoglobin concentration changed (P < 0.05) after ECC1, without significant difference among the groups. Changes in all variables after ECC2 were smaller (P < 0.05) than those after ECC1 for the control, 1 d, 1 wk, and 4 wk groups, indicating the RBE. However, the changes were not significantly different between ECC1 and ECC2 for the 0.5 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 8 wk groups. The difference in the changes in all variables between ECC1 and ECC2 was smaller for the 1 d (70%), 1 wk (55%), and 4 wk (36%) than the control group (91%), and the magnitude of the CL-RBE was reduced with increasing the time between bouts from 1 d to 4 wk (P < 0.05). Conclusion These results suggest that the CL-RBE lasts shorter than the ipsilateral RBE (>8 wk) and requires a day to be conferred.

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