Construction of the work values scale for teachers

Tzu Yang Chao, Yao Ting Sung*, Ming Hui Hsu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This study developed a work values scale for teachers (WVST) to enable teacher education institutions to inspect the work values of student teachers. In Study 1, we employed focus groups and examined the literature. Through conducting a content analysis of four focus groups comprising 30 experienced teachers and comparing the analysis results with the literature, we assembled 18 dimensions to form the basis of the WVST. In Study 2, we conducted scale evaluation, which was divided into a pilot-test stage and a formal-test stage. In the pilot-test stage, we recruited 200 university students as participants. After conducting an item analysis and an exploratory factor analysis, we retained 76 items and ten dimensions, namely professional self-realization, professional self-growth, reflection and challenges, guiding students, social contribution, equality and justice, interpersonal interaction and management, artistic and physical activities, working conditions and benefits, and social status. In the formal-test stage, we recruited 800 university students to complete the WVST in order to determine scale reliability and validity. The results for split-half reliability and internal consistency reliability revealed that the WVST achieved favorable reliability. The results from confirmatory factor analysis also indicated the construct validity of the WVST. On the basis of these results, we provided suggestions for future practical applications of the WVST in measuring the work values of teachers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-196
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Research in Education Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sept


  • Student teachers
  • Teachers’ work values
  • Work values
  • Work values scale for teachers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'Construction of the work values scale for teachers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this