The lipoic acid bearing domain (hbLBD) of human mitochondrial branched chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKD) plays important role of substrate channeling in oxidative decarboxylation of the branched chain α-ketoacids. Recently hbLBD has been found to follow two-step folding mechanism without detectable presence of stable or kinetic intermediates. The present study describes the conformational stability underlying the folding of this small β-barrel domain. Thermal denaturation in presence of urea and isothermal urea denaturation titrations are used to evaluate various thermodynamic parameters defining the equilibrium unfolding. The linear extrapolation model successfully describes the two-step; native state ↔ denatured state unfolding transition of hbLBD. The average temperature of maximum stability of hbLBD is estimated as 295.6 ± ;0.9 K. Cold denaturation of hbLBD is also predicted and discussed.
- Branched chain α-keto-acid dehydrogenase
- Lipoic acid bearing domain
- Maple syrup urine disease
- Protein conformational stability
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology