Computational thinking curriculum for K-12 education - A Delphi survey

Hui Chi Chuang, Chiu Fan Hu, Cheng-Chih Wu, Yu-Tzu Lin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to design a computational thinking curriculum standard for K-12 education. The Delphi technique was employed to collect different views and derive consensus from a panel of thirteen experts, including computer scientists, computer science educators, K-12 computer teachers, and industry experts. The first draft of Delphi survey questionnaire, consisting of nine themes (problem solving, problem decomposition, algorithms, data representation, data analysis, modeling and simulation, abstraction, automation, and others) and 60 competence indicators, was developed based on our investigation of the nature of computational thinking. After three rounds of survey and a final round-table discussion, the expert panel derived 49 essential competence indicators (13 for grades K to 6, nine for grades 7 to 9 and 27 of grades 10 to 12) and eight optional competence indicators (one for grades 7 to 9 and seven for grades 10 to 12). According to the results, the core ability and training of computational thinking are different in grades. In grades K to 6, students develop logical thinking and problem solving skills in personal and family life. In grades 7 to 9, students must understand the basic concepts of programming and write basic programs. Finally, in grades 10 to 12, they will use high-level skills to apply the concepts of abstraction, modeling, and structured problem decomposition to solve problems in different fields. The results serve as useful references for developing Taiwan's new K-12 computing curriculum.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 International Conference on Learning and Teaching in Computing and Engineering, LaTiCE 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages213-214
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9781479999675
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 16
Event2015 3rd International Conference on Learning and Teaching in Computing and Engineering, LaTiCE 2015 - Taipei, Taiwan
Duration: 2015 Apr 92015 Apr 12

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2015 International Conference on Learning and Teaching in Computing and Engineering, LaTiCE 2015

Other

Other2015 3rd International Conference on Learning and Teaching in Computing and Engineering, LaTiCE 2015
CountryTaiwan
CityTaipei
Period15/4/915/4/12

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Keywords

  • Computational Thinking
  • Computing Curriculum
  • Delphi Survey
  • K-12 education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Engineering(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Chuang, H. C., Hu, C. F., Wu, C-C., & Lin, Y-T. (2015). Computational thinking curriculum for K-12 education - A Delphi survey. In Proceedings - 2015 International Conference on Learning and Teaching in Computing and Engineering, LaTiCE 2015 (pp. 213-214). [7126261] (Proceedings - 2015 International Conference on Learning and Teaching in Computing and Engineering, LaTiCE 2015). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/LaTiCE.2015.44