Comparing Handwriting Fluency in English Language Teaching Using Computer Vision Techniques

Chuan Wei Syu, Shao Yu Chang, Chi Cheng Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Educational materials play a vital role in effectively conveying information to learners, with the readability and legibility of written text serving as crucial factors. This study investigates the influence of font selection on educational materials and explores the relationship between handwriting fluency and cognitive load. By identifying challenges in written expression, such as reduced working memory capacity, text organization difficulties, and content recall issues, the study sheds light on the significance of neat handwriting. The research emphasizes the relevance of neat handwriting in critical examinations, including college entrance exams, academic English exams, and job interviews, where the fluency of one’s handwriting can impact the decision-making process of interviewers. This highlights the value of handwriting fluency beyond educational contexts. Advancements in computer science and machine vision present new opportunities for automating font evaluation and selection. By employing machine vision algorithms to objectively analyze visual features of fonts, such as serifs, stroke width, and character spacing, the legibility and readability of fonts used in English language teaching materials are assessed. In this study, machine vision techniques are applied to score fonts used in educational materials. The OpenCV computer vision library is utilized to extract visual features of fonts from images, enabling the analysis of their legibility and readability. The primary objective is to provide educators with an automated and objective tool for scoring handwriting, reducing visual fatigue, and ensuring impartial evaluations. This research contributes to enhancing the quality of educational materials and provides valuable insights for educators, researchers, and font designers.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInnovative Technologies and Learning - 6th International Conference, ICITL 2023, Proceedings
EditorsYueh-Min Huang, Tânia Rocha
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9783031401121
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventProceedings of the 6th International Conference on Innovative Technologies and Learning, ICITL 2023 - Porto, Portugal
Duration: 2023 Aug 282023 Aug 30

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume14099 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


ConferenceProceedings of the 6th International Conference on Innovative Technologies and Learning, ICITL 2023


  • Handwriting fluency
  • Legibility
  • Machine vision
  • OpenCV
  • Readability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Comparing Handwriting Fluency in English Language Teaching Using Computer Vision Techniques'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this