Comparative study of the d-band filling effect on the magnetic behavior of Co xNi 1-x and Fe xNi 1-x ultrathin films on Cu(100)

C. C. Kuo, S. F. Chuang, W. Pan, W. C. Lin, Minn Tsong Lin

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Abstract

The ultrathin Fe xNi 1-x/Cu(100) and Co xNi 1-x/Cu(100) alloy films with x≤10% were prepared for the study of spin-reorientation transition with precise variation of composition and coverage of the films. The spin-reorientation transition with the variation of the film coverage was observed in Co xNi 1-x/Cu(100) with x<10% as well as Fe xNi 1-x/Cu(100) with x<6%. This transition was found to be strongly affected by the alloy composition of the alloy films. The critical thickness for the spin-reorientation transition changes from 7.5 ML with x=0 to 17.5 ML with x=8% for Co xNi 1-x/Cu(100). A more sensitive composition-driven effect has been found in Fe xNi 1-x/ Cu(100) by varying the Fe concentration for the critical thickness to 16 ML with x=5%. The more drastic influence of the concentration of Fe than Co on the critical thickness of the spin-reorientation transition can be attributed to the greater deviation of the difference in 3d electron number of majority and minority bands between Fe and Ni than that between Co and Ni.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7185-7187
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume91
Issue number10 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 May 15

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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