Co-ingestion of caffeine and carbohydrate after meal does not improve performance at high-intensity intermittent sprints with short recovery times

Chia Lun Lee, Ching-Feng Cheng, Chia-Jung Lee, Yu Hsuan Kuo, Wen Dien Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the effects of co-ingesting caffeine (CAF) and carbohydrate (CHO) on high-intensity intermittent sprints (HIS) performance and physiological responses. Methods: Twelve active males underwent 4 interventions at least 7 days apart in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, balanced trial. A meal contained 65 % CHO was provided 2 h before the HIS test. Participants ingested the placebo (PLA) or CAF (6 mg kg-1 BW) 1 h before taking an HIS test, and ingested a PLA or CHO solution (0.8 g kg -1 BW) before undergoing the testing protocol. The HIS protocol comprised ten sets of 5 × 4-s sprints on a cycle ergometer with a 2-min recovery between each set. Results: There was no significant difference between peak power output and mean power output between trials (p > 0.05). Compared with PLA, CAF + CHO resulted in a 5.2 % reduction in total work, corresponding to a 24.7-25.7 % increase in fatigue at the end stage of the HIS. The administration of CAF + CHO supplementation also resulted in an 11.1 % increase in blood lactate, and elevated blood glucose concentrations throughout HIS testing compared with PLA (p < 0.05). Cortisol concentrations also increased with CAF + CHO intake compared with PLA; however, there was no significant effect of CAF + CHO supplementation on testosterone concentrations. Conclusion: Co-ingestion of CAF and CHO did not improve high-intensity sprint cycling performance or reduce fatigue in active males. Moreover, combined CAF and CHO supplementation might facilitate catabolism during prolonged high-intensity intermittent exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1533-1543
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume114
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Caffeine
Meals
Eating
Carbohydrates
Placebos
Fatigue
Hydrocortisone
Blood Glucose
Testosterone
Lactic Acid

Keywords

  • Anaerobic
  • Cortisol
  • Fatigue
  • Nutrition
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Co-ingestion of caffeine and carbohydrate after meal does not improve performance at high-intensity intermittent sprints with short recovery times. / Lee, Chia Lun; Cheng, Ching-Feng; Lee, Chia-Jung; Kuo, Yu Hsuan; Chang, Wen Dien.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 114, No. 7, 01.01.2014, p. 1533-1543.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Purpose: To determine the effects of co-ingesting caffeine (CAF) and carbohydrate (CHO) on high-intensity intermittent sprints (HIS) performance and physiological responses. Methods: Twelve active males underwent 4 interventions at least 7 days apart in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, balanced trial. A meal contained 65 {\%} CHO was provided 2 h before the HIS test. Participants ingested the placebo (PLA) or CAF (6 mg kg-1 BW) 1 h before taking an HIS test, and ingested a PLA or CHO solution (0.8 g kg -1 BW) before undergoing the testing protocol. The HIS protocol comprised ten sets of 5 × 4-s sprints on a cycle ergometer with a 2-min recovery between each set. Results: There was no significant difference between peak power output and mean power output between trials (p > 0.05). Compared with PLA, CAF + CHO resulted in a 5.2 {\%} reduction in total work, corresponding to a 24.7-25.7 {\%} increase in fatigue at the end stage of the HIS. The administration of CAF + CHO supplementation also resulted in an 11.1 {\%} increase in blood lactate, and elevated blood glucose concentrations throughout HIS testing compared with PLA (p < 0.05). Cortisol concentrations also increased with CAF + CHO intake compared with PLA; however, there was no significant effect of CAF + CHO supplementation on testosterone concentrations. Conclusion: Co-ingestion of CAF and CHO did not improve high-intensity sprint cycling performance or reduce fatigue in active males. Moreover, combined CAF and CHO supplementation might facilitate catabolism during prolonged high-intensity intermittent exercise.",
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