Chromate removal as influenced by the structural changes of soil components upon carbonization at different temperatures

K. Y. Chen, J. C. Liu, P. N. Chiang, S. L. Wang, W. H. Kuan, Y. M. Tzou, Y. Deng, K. J. Tseng, Chung-Chi Chen, M. K. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surface fire could induce heat transferring into the soil, creating a carbonized environment, which may alter the chemical compositions of soil organic matters (SOM). In the study, a surface soil was carbonized at up to 600 °C with limited air to simulate soils experiencing a surface fire, and Cr(VI) removal on the carbonized soils was investigated. NMR and FTIR analyses demonstrated a remarkable change of SOM structures at 300-400 °C. TGA-MS spectra indicated that (e.g. C 2H 4, CH 3OH and C 3H 8) were the major components in the evolved gases from the pyrolyzed soil. A maximum amount of Cr(VI) removal (ca. 4 mg g -1 soil) occurred for the 200 °C-carbonized soils, attributed mainly to a significant increase of Cr(VI) reduction by 0.1 M KCl extractable organic carbon (EOC) with abundant carboxylic groups. Nonetheless, the formation of aromatic C upon carbonization of the soil at >400 °C may be responsible for Cr(VI) reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-158
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume162
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Chromates
Carbonization
Soil
Soils
Temperature
Biological materials
Fires
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Organic carbon
Carbon
Hot Temperature
Gases
Air
Nuclear magnetic resonance

Keywords

  • Carbonization
  • Chromate
  • Reduction
  • Soil organic matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Chromate removal as influenced by the structural changes of soil components upon carbonization at different temperatures. / Chen, K. Y.; Liu, J. C.; Chiang, P. N.; Wang, S. L.; Kuan, W. H.; Tzou, Y. M.; Deng, Y.; Tseng, K. J.; Chen, Chung-Chi; Wang, M. K.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 162, 01.03.2012, p. 151-158.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, K. Y. ; Liu, J. C. ; Chiang, P. N. ; Wang, S. L. ; Kuan, W. H. ; Tzou, Y. M. ; Deng, Y. ; Tseng, K. J. ; Chen, Chung-Chi ; Wang, M. K. / Chromate removal as influenced by the structural changes of soil components upon carbonization at different temperatures. In: Environmental Pollution. 2012 ; Vol. 162. pp. 151-158.
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