Children and parents' reading of an augmented reality picture book: Analyses of behavioral patterns and cognitive attainment

Kun Hung Cheng, Chin Chung Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


Previous studies on augmented reality (AR) book learning have not provided an in-depth examination of the learning process, especially the interaction involved in child-parent shared book reading. Choosing an AR picture book to introduce its artistic work, this study aimed to explore how children and parents read the book through a series of analyses of behavioral patterns and cognitive attainment. A total of 33 child-parent pairs voluntarily participated in this study. Based on the indicators of the child-parent reading behaviors generated through content analysis, four behavioral patterns of AR picture book reading were identified: parent as dominator, child as dominator, communicative child-parent pair, and low communicative child-parent pair. The relationships between the child-parent reading behaviors and the children's cognitive attainment were further identified. Specifically, the child-parent behaviors of "parent as dominator" and "low communicative child-parent pair" were likely associated with simple description of the appearance of the artistic work by the children (low-level cognitive attainment). Conversely, the "child as dominator" and "communicative child-parent pair" behaviors resulted in the children explaining the artistic work they had seen or using their imagination to describe the content of the book (high-level cognitive attainment).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-312
Number of pages11
JournalComputers and Education
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Cooperative/collaborative learning
  • Elementary education
  • Teaching/learning strategies
  • Virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Education


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