In this work, lead-bismuth eutectic alloy nanowires were fabricated by a novel vacuum melting method and centrifugal process. An anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template was used to produce an array of ordered, dense, and continuous Pb-Bi nanowires. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy investigations reveal that nanowires with a diameter of 80 nm are composed of Pb7Bi3 and Bi phases, and have a single orientation of growth. Magnetic susceptibility and hysteresis measurements have been used to characterize the superconductive and magnetic properties of the nanowires. The results show that Pb-Bi nanowires have a slightly lower superconducting transition temperature than Pb-Bi eutectic alloy bulk, and only about 1% superconductivity volume fraction in magnetic fields both perpendicular and parallel to the plate. In magnetization curves, a fairly large hysteresis is observed for both field orientations.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Apr|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)