Chamaecyparis montane cloud forest in Taiwan: ecology and vegetation classification

Ching Feng Li, David Zelený, Milan Chytrý, Ming Yih Chen, Tze Ying Chen, Chyi Rong Chiou, Yue Joe Hsia, Ho Yih Liu, Sheng Zehn Yang, Ching Long Yeh, Jenn Che Wang, Chiou Feng Yu, Yen Jen Lai, Ke Guo, Chang Fu Hsieh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Montane cloud forest is one of the most endangered ecosystems. However, there are few comprehensive studies on the distribution of subtropical montane cloud forest (SMCF). Chamaecyparis forest is one type of SMCF in Taiwan, distributed across the whole island. This study describes eleven types of this forest in Taiwan based on the Braun-Blanquet approach. Plots were selected from the National Vegetation Database of Taiwan. Two alliances were defined, both of which belong to the order Fagetalia hayatae. Topography and altitude explain the contrasting habitat requirements of these two alliances, whereas seasonality of moisture, soil properties and altitude explain differences in floristic composition at the association level. The alliance of Chamaecyparidion formosanae on slopes and ridges includes coniferous or mixed coniferous and evergreen broad-leaved forests; it is found at higher altitudes and is more influenced by the summer monsoon than the other alliance. Five associations are defined within this alliance. The alliance of Pasanio kawakamii-Machilion japonicae growing on slopes and in valleys contains evergreen broad-leaved forests or forests with a mixture of coniferous and evergreen broad-leaved species. Six associations can be determined under the alliance of Pasanio kawakamii-Machilion japonicae. Classification of each syntaxon was formalized using Cocktail Determination Key.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-791
Number of pages21
JournalEcological Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sept 28


  • Cocktail Determination Key
  • Seasonality of moisture
  • Species group
  • Supervised classification
  • Topography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics


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