Challenging mental illness stigma in healthcare professionals and students: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Yin Ju Lien, Hui Shin Lin, Yin Ju Lien, Chi Hsuan Tsai, Ting Ting Wu, Hua Li, Yu Kang Tu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Stigma among healthcare professionals may lead to poor quality of healthcare services for patients with mental illness. This study conducts a network meta-analysis to estimate the relative efficacy between different types of anti-stigma interventions for healthcare professionals. Design: Network meta-analysis. Main Outcome Measures: The attitudes and behavior intension of healthcare professionals toward mental illness. Results: A total of 18 studies (22 trials) from 9 countries are included in the analysis. In the network meta-analysis, rank probabilities show interventions with indirect contact plus lecture (SUCRA = 81.5%), direct contact plus problem-based learning workshop (SUCRA = 77.4%), and indirect contact (SUCRA = 72.2%) having the highest probability of being ranked first, second, and third, respectively. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that education combining social contact is the most effective anti-stigma intervention, which can be implemented in clinical practices to help reduce this stigma and improve healthcare services for patients with mental illness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-684
Number of pages16
JournalPsychology and Health
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • medical education
  • mental health
  • Mental illness stigma
  • systematic reviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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