Case studies of multilingual/multicultural asian deaf adults: Strategies for success

Qiuying Wang, Jean Andrews, Hsiu Tan Liu, Chun Jung Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Case studies of adult d/Deaf or Hard of Hearing Multilingual Learners (DMLs) are few, especially studies of DMLs who learn more than one sign language and read logographic and alphabetic scripts. To reduce this paucity, two descriptive case studies are presented. Written questionnaires, face-to-face interviews, and self-appraisals of language-use rubrics were used to explore (a) the language and literacy histories of two adult Asian DMLs who had learned multiple languages: Chinese (spoken/written), English (written), Chinese Sign Language, and American Sign Language; and (b) how each language was used in different cultural communities with diverse conversational partners. Home literacy environment, family support, visual access to languages, peer and sibling support, role models, encouragement, perseverance, and Deaf identity all played vital roles in the participants’ academic success. The findings provide insights into the acquisition of multiple languages and bi-literacy through social communication and academic content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-88
Number of pages22
JournalAmerican Annals of the Deaf
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Bilingual
  • Culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD)
  • D/Deaf or hard of hearing multilingual learner (DML)
  • Deaf
  • Deafness and diversity (DAD)
  • Demographics
  • Disability
  • Diverse
  • English for speakers of other languages (ESOL)
  • English language learner (ELL)
  • Hard of hearing
  • Hearing loss
  • Multicultural
  • Multilingual

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Speech and Hearing


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