Caregiver-Implemented AAC Interventions for Children with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities: a Systematic Review

Marianne Elmquist*, Becky Crowe, Sanikan Wattanawongwan, Joe Reichle, Lauren Pierson, Jessica Simacek, Ee Rea Hong, Ching Yi Liao, J. Birdie Ganz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Many children with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities benefit from augmentative and alternative communication strategies (AAC) to increase their communicative competency. Furthermore, caregiver-implemented AAC interventions are an effective and efficient strategy to improve communication outcomes. We reviewed the caregiver-implemented AAC intervention literature to assess child and caregiver characteristics, what kind of interventions caregivers were taught, how caregivers were trained, and how studies evaluated caregiver implementation. We found that families from marginalized backgrounds were underrepresented. Most studies used functional behavioral interventions and various teaching strategies, and few included caregiver-dependent variables. We discuss our results in the context of improving future caregiver-implemented AAC interventions and, in turn, child communication outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalReview Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Augmentative and alternative communication
  • Autism
  • Caregiver-implemented communication interventions
  • Complex communication needs
  • Development disability
  • Intellectual disability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'Caregiver-Implemented AAC Interventions for Children with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities: a Systematic Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this