Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with executive control in late-middle-aged adults: An event-related (De) synchronization (ERD/ERS) study

Chien Heng Chu, Kao Teng Yang, Tai Fen Song, Jen Hao Liu, Tsung Min Hung*, Yu Kai Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The present study sought to determine whether cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with cognitive function in late-middle-aged adults from event-related desynchronization (ERD) and event-related synchronization (ERS) perspectives. Late-middle-aged adults were categorized into either the high-fitness group or the low-fitness group based on their estimated cardiorespiratory fitness values. The participants completed the Stroop Test, which is comprised of incongruent and neutral conditions, while the brain activities were recoded. The alpha ERD and ERS values based on the equation proposed by Pfurtscheller (1977) were further calculated. The results revealed that the adults with higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness demonstrated superior Stroop performance, regardless of Stroop congruency. While these high-fitness adults had less positive upper alpha ERD values in the later epoch window compared to their lower-fitness counterparts, they had greater lower alpha ERD values in the early epoch window. Additionally, in the late epoch window, the high-fitness adults showed less positive lower alpha ERD values on neutral, but not incongruent condition, relative to their low-fitness counterparts. These findings suggest that cardiorespiratory fitness of the late-middle-aged adults is positively associated with cognitive functioning, especially the cognitive processes related to the inhibition of task-irrelevant information and those processes required the devotion of greater amounts of attentional resources to a given task.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01135
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Issue numberAUG
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 3


  • ERD
  • ERS
  • Executive control
  • Fitness
  • Stroop Test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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