Cancer in adolescents: Incidences and trends during 1995-2009 in Taiwan

Giun Yi Hung, Chao Chun Chen, Jiun Lin Horng, Li-Yih Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study aimed to describe cancer incidence rates and trends specifically for adolescents aged 15-19 years during 1995-2009 in Taiwan. The incidence counts and census data were obtained from the population-based Taiwan Cancer Registry. During the 15-year study period, 4122 adolescents were diagnosed with cancer. The overall incidence rate was 155.2 per million person-years. Other epithelial tumors were the most frequently diagnosed cancer group (23.7%), followed by leukemias (18.0%) and lymphomas (13.9%). When compared to rates in Western countries, a significantly low rate of lymphomas was found. Moreover, rates of the subtypes of melanomas and nasopharyngeal carcinomas being 1/10- and 4-times rates in Western countries were the most striking variations. During 1995-2009, the overall rate of adolescent cancer did not significantly change. However, the most significant upward and declining trends in incidence rates were found for male germ cell neoplasms (annual percent change, APC, 6.4%) and hepatic tumors (APC, -11.1%), respectively. Further investigation and enhancement of the public discourse of possible lifestyle and environmental risk factors associated with increasing trends of certain adolescent cancers should be carried out in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-117
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Letters
Volume372
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1

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Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cancer incidence
  • Cancer registry
  • Cancer trends
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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