Camellia Oleifera Seed Extract Mildly Ameliorates Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats by Suppressing Inflammation

Jung Ko, Wan Ju Yeh, Wen Chih Huang, Hsin Yi Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a hot-water extract of defatted Camellia oleifera seeds (CSE) in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver damage in rats. Wistar rats were separated into four groups including the normal (N) and CCl4 control (C) groups, which are fed a control diet, and the CCL (low-dose CSE) and CCH (high-dose CSE) groups, which are fed with a control diet plus different amount of CSE for an 8-week experimental period. Liver injury in the C, CCL, and CCH groups was induced by injecting CCl4 (i.p.) twice a week from the 5th week to the end of the study. In CCl4-treated rats, the alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) activities and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration significantly increased compared to the normal group. Lower antioxidative enzyme activities and higher proinflammatory cytokines, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and hydroxyproline concentrations in the liver were also found in the CCl4-treated group compared to the normal group. In contrast, the administration of CSE alleviated the biochemical and histopathological changes including inflammation, liver cell damage, and fibrosis caused by CCl4 in rats. Our results indicated that CSE exhibited hepatoprotective effects in CCl4-induced liver hepatotoxicity through alleviating hepatic inflammation and fibrosis in rats. Practical Application: Camellia oleifera are widely used for edible oil production while the defatted seeds pomace is often discarded. We found that extract of C. oleifera pomace containing phenolic compounds, saponins, and polysaccharides showed protective effects chemical-driven liver damage and, therefore, may be used in further studies and developing functional foods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1586-1591
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Food Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun
Externally publishedYes


  • Camellia oleifera seeds
  • carbon tetrachloride
  • inflammation
  • liver
  • oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


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