Caffeine ingestion improves power output decrement during 3-min all-out exercise

Ching Feng Cheng, Wei Chieh Hsu, Yu Hsuan Kuo, Ming Tsung Shih, Chia Lun Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To investigate the effect of caffeine ingestion on the 3-min all-out test (3MT) performance and plasma electrolytes in athletes. Methods: Fifteen collegiate male basketball players were recruited and completed two trials separated by at least 1 week in caffeine (CAF, 6 mg kg−1) and placebo conditions. During the first visit, participants performed an incremental cycling test to determine their 3MT resistance. After a familiarization trial, participants performed a CAF or PL trial according to a randomized crossover design. One hour after ingesting capsules, the participants performed the 3MT to estimate the end-test power (EP) and work done above EP (WEP). Blood samples for sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), pH, and lactate concentrations were drawn pretest, 1 h after ingestion, and posttest. Results: Significant differences in WEP (CAF vs. PL, 13.4 ± 3.0 vs. 12.1 ± 2.7 kJ, P < 0.05) but not in EP (CAF vs. PL, 242 ± 37 vs. 244 ± 42 W, P > 0.05) were determined between the conditions. Compared with the PL condition, the CAF condition yielded significantly higher power outputs (60–150 s), a lower fatigue rate during the 3MT (CAF vs. PL, 0.024 ± 0.007 vs. 0.029 ± 0.006 s−1, P < 0.05), a significantly higher lactate concentration after the 3MT, and significantly lower K+ concentrations at 1 h after caffeine ingestion. There were no significant interaction effects for pH and Na+ concentrations. Conclusions: Caffeine ingestion did not change EP but improved WEP and the rate of decline in power output during short-term, severe exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1693-1702
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sept 1


  • Anaerobic power
  • Critical power
  • Ergogenic aid
  • Nutritional supplement
  • Performance
  • Short-term high-intensity exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physiology (medical)


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