The biochemical properties of Escherichia coli thioesterase I, His-tagged (HT) on the C-terminal, were systematically analyzed and compared with that without the His-tag (WT). These two types of enzymes exhibit similar optimal temperature and pH dependence, but subtle differences were detected. Kinetic studies revealed that the kcat/Km values of the HT enzyme for the substrates palmitoyl-CoA and p-nitrophenyl dodecanoate were 36- and 10-fold lower than those of the WT, respectively. In contrast, HT had a fivefold increased catalytic efficiency for p-nitrophenyl acetate, and up to fourfold increases toward phenylalanine- and tyrosine-derived ester substrates, L-NBPNPE (N-carbobenzoxy-L-phenylalanine p-nitrophenyl ester) and L-NBTNPE (N-carbobenzoxy-L-tyrosine p-nitrophenyl ester), respectively. For L-NBPNPE and L-NBTNPE, the increases were attributed to the higher kcat values with little changes in Km, whereas the increase for p-nitrophenyl acetate was mainly attributed to the lower Km value. It is concluded that addition of six hydrophilic histidine residues on the C-terminus resulted in a change in substrate specificity of E. coli thioesterase I toward more hydrophilic substrates.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Organic Chemistry