Building stem capability in a robotic arm educational competition

Lin Chu, Yu Liang Ting, Yaming Tai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper investigated high school students’ STEM capability in a robotic arm educational competition. The learning design of the competition based on the pedagogy of copy and redesign, and social creativity framework. Students learned the process of building up robotic arms by copying instructors’ examples, discussing possible ways of redesigning the robotic arms. The students need to present their creativity by using robotic arms as boundary objects in a collaboration. After a one-day workshop and another one-day competition, the observation results showed that students were capable of exhibiting unique creativity to solve the problem during the competition, such as refining the robotic arms to grab something which it had not been able to reach, or adding materials on the robots to create a better user experience. Students also applied scientific and mathematical knowledge to improve the robots, performed integrated STEM ability. Furthermore, students’ meta-cognitive strategies of taking notes and collaboration were evidenced. It indicated that the copy and redesign, and social creativity framework can facilitate students’ creative performance of STEM capability. Moreover, as the study adopted students’ attitudes towards STEM survey, the results showed that students’ attitudes towards STEM had no significance after the curriculum design. The possible reasons included that short-term learning process might have minor influence on students’ STEM attitudes. Other possible reasons might be the ceiling effect, and small number of samples. Future study was suggested to evaluate the learning design into a long-term curriculum, adopt semi-structured interview to investigate more delicate relationship between the learning design and students’ performance, and conduct STEM ability test to understand students’ performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLearning and Collaboration Technologies. Human and Technology Ecosystems - 7th International Conference, LCT 2020, Held as Part of the 22nd HCI International Conference, HCII 2020, Proceedings
EditorsPanayiotis Zaphiris, Andri Ioannou, Andri Ioannou
PublisherSpringer
Pages408-421
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9783030505059
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event7th International Conference on Learning and Collaboration Technologies, LCT 2020, held as part of the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 2020 Jul 192020 Jul 24

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12206 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference7th International Conference on Learning and Collaboration Technologies, LCT 2020, held as part of the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period20/7/1920/7/24

Keywords

  • Boundary object
  • Copy and redesign
  • Educational competition
  • Robotic arm
  • Social creativity
  • STEM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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