Brushlines in fault pseudotachylytes

A new criterion for coseismic slip direction

Eric C. Ferré, En Chao Yeh, Yu Min Chou, Ruo Lin Kuo, Hao Tsu Chu, Caitlyn S. Korren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Striations along fault planes, such as slickensides, generally indicate slip direction. These linear structures typically form through friction between two solids. Here we describe brushlines, a new class of fault striation in pseudotachylytes, formed during coseismic slip at the interface between host rock and frictional melt. Unlike slickensides, brushlines primarily lack longitudinal step-like asymmetry and display a hemicylindrical morphology. This new class of striation forms while the frictional melt has sufficiently low viscosity to be brushed along the direction of coseismic displacement by small asperities on the host-rock block. In the Hoping River pseudotachylytes of eastern Taiwan, the long axis of brushlines is parallel to the earthquake slip direction determined using the offset of piercing points across the fault. This study shows that the pseudotachylyte-host rock interface may host previously overlooked, invaluable coseismic kinematic information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-398
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

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striation
host rock
slickenside
melt
pseudotachylite
rock block
asperity
fault plane
asymmetry
friction
viscosity
kinematics
earthquake
river

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

Cite this

Ferré, E. C., Yeh, E. C., Chou, Y. M., Kuo, R. L., Chu, H. T., & Korren, C. S. (2016). Brushlines in fault pseudotachylytes: A new criterion for coseismic slip direction. Geology, 44(5), 395-398. https://doi.org/10.1130/G37751.1

Brushlines in fault pseudotachylytes : A new criterion for coseismic slip direction. / Ferré, Eric C.; Yeh, En Chao; Chou, Yu Min; Kuo, Ruo Lin; Chu, Hao Tsu; Korren, Caitlyn S.

In: Geology, Vol. 44, No. 5, 01.05.2016, p. 395-398.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ferré, EC, Yeh, EC, Chou, YM, Kuo, RL, Chu, HT & Korren, CS 2016, 'Brushlines in fault pseudotachylytes: A new criterion for coseismic slip direction', Geology, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 395-398. https://doi.org/10.1130/G37751.1
Ferré, Eric C. ; Yeh, En Chao ; Chou, Yu Min ; Kuo, Ruo Lin ; Chu, Hao Tsu ; Korren, Caitlyn S. / Brushlines in fault pseudotachylytes : A new criterion for coseismic slip direction. In: Geology. 2016 ; Vol. 44, No. 5. pp. 395-398.
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