Bioenergetic modeling reveals that Chinese green tree vipers select postprandial temperatures in laboratory thermal gradients that maximize net energy intake

Tein Shun Tsai, How Jing Lee, Ming-Chung Tu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With bioenergetic modeling, we tested the hypothesis that reptiles maximize net energy gain by postprandial thermal selection. Previous studies have shown that Chinese green tree vipers (Trimeresurus s. stejnegeri) have postprandial thermophily (mean preferred temperature Tp for males = 27.8 °C) in a linear thigmothermal gradient when seclusion sites and water existed. With some published empirical models of digestion associated factors for this snake, we calculated the average rate (Enet) and efficiency (Knet) of net energy gain from possible combinations of meal size, activity level, and feeding frequency at each temperature. The simulations consistently revealed that Enet maximizes at the Tp of these snakes. Although the Knet peaks at a lower temperature than Enet, the value of Knet remains high (> = 0.85 in ratio to maximum) at the peak temperature of Enet. This suggested that the demands of both Enet and Knet can be attained by postprandial thermal selection in this snake. In conclusion, the data support our prediction that postprandial thermal selection may maximize net energy gain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)394-400
Number of pages7
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology
Volume154
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov 1

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Energy Intake
Thermal gradients
Energy Metabolism
Snakes
Hot Temperature
Temperature
Trimeresurus
Reptiles
Meals
Digestion
Water

Keywords

  • Feeding frequency
  • Meal size
  • Metabolic rate
  • Multiple regressions
  • Rate and efficiency
  • Specific dynamic action

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "With bioenergetic modeling, we tested the hypothesis that reptiles maximize net energy gain by postprandial thermal selection. Previous studies have shown that Chinese green tree vipers (Trimeresurus s. stejnegeri) have postprandial thermophily (mean preferred temperature Tp for males = 27.8 °C) in a linear thigmothermal gradient when seclusion sites and water existed. With some published empirical models of digestion associated factors for this snake, we calculated the average rate (Enet) and efficiency (Knet) of net energy gain from possible combinations of meal size, activity level, and feeding frequency at each temperature. The simulations consistently revealed that Enet maximizes at the Tp of these snakes. Although the Knet peaks at a lower temperature than Enet, the value of Knet remains high (> = 0.85 in ratio to maximum) at the peak temperature of Enet. This suggested that the demands of both Enet and Knet can be attained by postprandial thermal selection in this snake. In conclusion, the data support our prediction that postprandial thermal selection may maximize net energy gain.",
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N2 - With bioenergetic modeling, we tested the hypothesis that reptiles maximize net energy gain by postprandial thermal selection. Previous studies have shown that Chinese green tree vipers (Trimeresurus s. stejnegeri) have postprandial thermophily (mean preferred temperature Tp for males = 27.8 °C) in a linear thigmothermal gradient when seclusion sites and water existed. With some published empirical models of digestion associated factors for this snake, we calculated the average rate (Enet) and efficiency (Knet) of net energy gain from possible combinations of meal size, activity level, and feeding frequency at each temperature. The simulations consistently revealed that Enet maximizes at the Tp of these snakes. Although the Knet peaks at a lower temperature than Enet, the value of Knet remains high (> = 0.85 in ratio to maximum) at the peak temperature of Enet. This suggested that the demands of both Enet and Knet can be attained by postprandial thermal selection in this snake. In conclusion, the data support our prediction that postprandial thermal selection may maximize net energy gain.

AB - With bioenergetic modeling, we tested the hypothesis that reptiles maximize net energy gain by postprandial thermal selection. Previous studies have shown that Chinese green tree vipers (Trimeresurus s. stejnegeri) have postprandial thermophily (mean preferred temperature Tp for males = 27.8 °C) in a linear thigmothermal gradient when seclusion sites and water existed. With some published empirical models of digestion associated factors for this snake, we calculated the average rate (Enet) and efficiency (Knet) of net energy gain from possible combinations of meal size, activity level, and feeding frequency at each temperature. The simulations consistently revealed that Enet maximizes at the Tp of these snakes. Although the Knet peaks at a lower temperature than Enet, the value of Knet remains high (> = 0.85 in ratio to maximum) at the peak temperature of Enet. This suggested that the demands of both Enet and Knet can be attained by postprandial thermal selection in this snake. In conclusion, the data support our prediction that postprandial thermal selection may maximize net energy gain.

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