Bio-oil derived hierarchical porous hard carbon from rubber wood sawdust via a template fabrication process as highly stable anode for sodium-ion batteries

Rasu Muruganantham, Tzu Hsien Hsieh, Chia Her Lin, Wei Ren Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Novel rational design of hierarchical porous hard carbon as anode material for Na-ion storage is successfully prepared from rubber-wood sawdust via a ZnO-based hard template method. The as-synthesized hard carbon reveals a high specific surface area (820 m2 g−1) with the hierarchical porous structure. In order to overcome poor initial coulombic efficiency in the first cycle, we use environmental-friendly water-based carboxymethyl cellulose with styrene butadiene rubber (CMC/SBR) binder instead of organic-based poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF). The CMC/SBR binder delivers a reversible specific capacity of 275 mAh/g and maintains 192 mAh/g over 500 cycles at 100 mA/g. Moreover, PVDF binder exhibits a reversible capacity of 217 mAh/g and over the 500 cycles maintains 123 mAh/g. The Na-ion storage capacity contributes from the adsorption-intercalation mechanism of Na+ ions into the prepared hard carbon for both electrodes. The contribution of surface capacitive for CMC-SBR sample is higher than that of PVDF binder, which demonstrates the enhanced capacity, high rate capability, and excellent cycle stability. This report confers a promising manner of a cost-effective method and eco-friendly abundant resource from bio-waste recycles to utilize the advanced sustainable clean green energy storage for future grid storage applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100346
JournalMaterials Today Energy
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anode
  • Biomass
  • Energy storage
  • Hard carbon
  • Sodium-ion battery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Bio-oil derived hierarchical porous hard carbon from rubber wood sawdust via a template fabrication process as highly stable anode for sodium-ion batteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this