We perform comprehensive first-principles calculations to study the addition pattern in multiply functionalized carbon nanotubes. We evaluate the relative strength of the rivaling forces between electronic effect and steric hindrance that determine whether the "cooperative addition" or the "random addition" takes place for monovalent or divalent functionalizations. We find that the electronic effect is the dominating factor and that small functional groups prefer to aggregate during successive functionalizations on CNTs. The aggregation of these functional groups leads to regular addition patterns that may drastically change the electronic properties of the original CNTs and may even result in a metallic to semiconducting transition, or vice versa.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)