Attitudes towards science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in a project-based learning (PjBL) environment

Kuo Hung Tseng*, Chi Cheng Chang, Shi Jer Lou, Wen Ping Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

271 Citations (Scopus)


Many scholars claimed the integration of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education is beneficial to the national economy and teachers and institutes have been working to develop integrated education programs. This study examined a project-based learning (PjBL) activity that integrated STEM using survey and interview methods. The participants were 30 freshmen with engineering related backgrounds from five institutes of technology in Taiwan. Questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used to examine student attitudes towards STEM before and after the PjBL activity. The results of the survey showed that students' attitudes to the subject of engineering changed significantly. Most of the students recognized the importance of STEM in the science and engineering disciplines; they mentioned in interview that the possession of professional science knowledge is useful to their future career and that technology may improve our lives and society, making the world a more convenient and efficient place. In conclusion, combining PjBL with STEM can increase effectiveness, generate meaningful learning and influence student attitudes in future career pursuit. Students are positive towards combining PjBL with STEM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-102
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Technology and Design Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb


  • Learning attitude
  • Multi-function electronic vehicle
  • Project-based learning (PjBL)
  • STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • General Engineering


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