Atomic exchange and magnetic properties of Co/Ag/Pt(111)

C. L. Tzeng, C. W. Su, H. Y. Ho, C. S. Shern*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The structure of Co ultrathin films deposited on 1 ML Ag/Pt(111) surface was studied by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), and low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). The atomic exchange between Ag and Co occurs at a high temperature annealing. The magnetic property was studied by a magneto-optic Kerr effect (MOKE). The easy axis of the magnetization of Co deposited on 1 ML Ag/Pt(111) switches from the out-of-plane to the in-plane direction when the coverage of Co is larger than 2 ML. The easy axis can change back to the out-of-plane direction after a high temperature annealing for 2-7 ML Co/1 ML Ag/Pt(111). The study of the interface structure shows that the spin reorientation transition occurs when the atomic exchange between Ag and Co occurs. Further annealing at higher temperatures, the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy significantly enhances. The enhancement of the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is due to the formation of Co-Pt alloy after the atomic exchange between Co and Ag. The possible mechanisms for the spin reorientation transition and the enhancement in the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-85
Number of pages4
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jul 1
EventProceedings of the Eight European Vacuum Congress Berlin 2003 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 2004 Jun 232004 Jun 26


  • Auger electron spectroscopy (AES)
  • Cobalt
  • Magnetic properties and measurements
  • Silver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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