Associations of accelerometer-measured sedentary behavior and physical activity with sleep in older adults

Chien Yu Lin, Kun Pei Lin*, Ming Chun Hsueh, Yung Liao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Few studies have examined the non-linear relationships of objectively-measured sedentary behavior and physical activity with insomnia symptoms in older adults. We investigated such relationships of sedentary and physically-active behaviors with total sleep time and nocturnal wakefulness. Methods: We recruited adults aged 60 years and above who have received health check-ups or been to geriatric outpatient services from a hospital setting. Sedentary and physically-active behaviors, total sleep time, and wakefulness time after sleep onset were measured by Actigraphy, and their relationships were estimated using generalized additive models. Results: The 157 older adults receiving health-related services slept 7.5 h (20.8 min awake) on average per day. Total sleep time was negatively associated with sedentary and physically-active behaviors. By contrast, a U-shape relationship was found between sedentary behavior and wakefulness time after sleep onset, with a turning point at a daily sedentary time of 10.9 h. Conclusion: Longer high-intensity physical activity time was related to a shorter wakefulness time after sleep onset. By contrast, daily sedentary time longer than 10.9 h was related to shorter total sleep time but more nocturnal wakefulness time. Future nonpharmacological strategies for sleep improvement should consider the sedentary threshold.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Accelerometer
  • Active
  • Adults
  • Insomnia
  • Sitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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