Association Between Proactive Personality and Academic Self–Efficacy

Shin Huei Lin*, Wan Chen Lu, Mei Yen Chen, Lung Hung Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Research about organizations has consistently revealed that proactive personality is a relatively stable disposition and a significant antecedent of self-efficacy, which generates employees’ proactive behavior and thus benefits individuals and firms. Consequently, the present study aimed to examine whether the relationship between proactive personality, a general temperamental tendency, and specific self-efficacy that is focused on certain activities or tasks might emerge across contexts in an education setting with a directional effect. From a sample of 123 students, we employed a longitudinal approach using two waves of surveys to examine the directional relations between students’ proactive personalities and their academic self–efficacy in education. The results showed that students’ proactive personalities at Time 1 predicted change in their academic self–efficacy at Time 2, suggesting a top–down relationship. On the contrary students’ academic self–efficacy at Time 1 could not predict their proactive personalities at Time 2. In short, the directional effect of proactive personality on self–efficacy across contexts was captured in this study. Implications and limitations were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)600-609
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec


  • Academic self-efficacy
  • Education
  • Proactive personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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