Assessing future availability of water resources in Taiwan based on the Budyko framework

Tsung Yu Lee, Chi Cheng Chiu, Chia Jeng Chen*, Chuan Yao Lin, Fuh Kwo Shiah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Assessing water resources availability in a changing climate is a determinant of promoting sustainable development in a region. Such assessment should better be inter-basin in order to unveil a region's overall risk, so a time-varying Budyko framework is developed and adopted in this study. Gauge-based gridded precipitation and temperature, in company with runoff data, were used to derive the Budyko curves for 75 catchments over Taiwan. Downscaled precipitation and temperature data from selected global climate models and Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) were then used to calculate the shifts in the Budyko space of each catchment. It was found that the Budyko-related variables (e.g., evaporative and aridity indices, and catchment-specific parameter) exhibited considerable variability island-wide, with a few outliers in certain catchments being modulated by distinct landscape features and/or human activities. Under all RCPs analyzed, the majority of catchments showed the magnified movement vectors pointing at the 1st quadrant in the Budyko space in the late-21st century, suggesting a predominant and aggravating drying trend over Taiwan. Cluster analysis of the movement vectors under RCP8.5, which entailed the least inter-model differences, identified three major clusters, two of which (64 catchments included) indicated a drying trend of varied significancy. According to our findings, without effective mitigation of climate change, an increased likelihood of the worst-case scenario will substantialize the reduced availability of Taiwan's water resources.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109808
JournalEcological Indicators
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb


  • Climate change
  • Drought
  • Hydroclimate
  • RCP
  • Sustainable development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Decision Sciences
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessing future availability of water resources in Taiwan based on the Budyko framework'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this