Asarum pubitessellatum, sp. nov. (sect. Heterotropa, Aristolochiaceae) from Taiwan based on morphological and palynological evidence

Chang Tse Lu, Wen Liang Chiou, Jenn Che Wang

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Abstract

Background: Recently, we discovered an unknown Asarum from Taiwan which is closely related to A. crassisepalum S.F. Huang, T.H. Hsieh and T.C. Huang and A. taipingshanianum S.F. Huang, T.H. Hsieh and T.C. Huang by sharing a thick leaf blade, spreading perianth-lobes and a conical to cylindrical perianth-tube. We compared it with other related species and identified this plant as a new species. Results: This new species differs distinctly from the above two related species by having larger plant body, shortened rhizomes and an inner surface of the perianth-tube that is covered with numerous simple trichomes (vs. glandular trichomes). The pollen tectum in this new species is perforate, which differs from the incomplete reticulate with small supratectate granules in A. crassisepalum and the compact rugulate with small supratectate granules in A. taipingshanianum. Furthermore, these three species are geographically separated from one another. Conclusions: Asarum pubitessellatum C.T. Lu & J.C. Wang, a new species is described and illustrated. The trichomes on the inner surface of the perianth-tube and pollen micromorphology were the valuable characters in the low-level classification of Heterotropa species in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBotanical Studies
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug 30

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Keywords

  • Asarum
  • Asarum crassisepalum
  • Asarum pubitessellatum
  • Asarum taipingshanianum
  • Heterotropa
  • Pollen
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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