Arrayed porous polydimethylsiloxane/barium titanate microstructures for high-sensitivity flexible capacitive pressure sensors

Chii Rong Yang, Liang Jyun Wang, Shih Feng Tseng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Flexible and wearable devices have been gaining attention in recent years. Compared with other types of pressure sensors, capacitive pressure sensors provide more advantages including simple structure, high stability and reliability, and lower power consumption. This study proposed the flexible capacitive pressure sensors with a double dielectric layer of a porous micro-pillar composite structure of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) as the dielectric layer. To further enhance the sensitivity, barium titanate (BT) particles were mixed in the PDMS due to their high relative permittivity. Moreover, finite element analysis (FEA) was utilized to simulate the displacement of the dielectric layer under applying external pressure. The FEA simulation results showed that the proposed structure of the dielectric layer could effectively enhance the sensitivity of the flexible capacitive pressure sensor. Furthermore, the flexible capacitive pressure sensor demonstrates a superb performance with a high sensitivity of 7.847 kPa−1, a low detection limit of 0.21 Pa, and a fast response and release time of 20 ms and 25 ms. The developed sensors have an excellent sensing capability and can be applied widely for monitoring of heartbeat, sensing of the robot arm, measuring of floor height, detecting of weights of objects, and real-time monitoring of healthcare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13144-13153
Number of pages10
JournalCeramics International
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 1


  • Barium titanate particle
  • Dielectric layer
  • Flexible capacitive pressure sensor
  • Polydimethylsiloxane
  • Porous micro pillar composite structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Arrayed porous polydimethylsiloxane/barium titanate microstructures for high-sensitivity flexible capacitive pressure sensors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this