Applying the theory of planned behavior to predict low-carbon tourism behavior: A modifed model from Taiwan

Nae Wen Kuo*, You Yu Dai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


To reduce carbon emissions resulted from tourism industry, low-carbon tourism is advocated and has become an important tourism policy in many countries. Previously, studies concerned about low-carbon tourism were focused on how to plan and design low-carbon tourism activities and itinerary products. However, little research was paid attention to the low-carbon tourism behavior of tourists and the factors that will influence their low-carbon tourism behavior were still unclear. Factors affecting tourists' low-carbon tourism behavior are important and need to be explored. The main purpose of this research was to find the important factors that will affect tourists' behavior, and a modified Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) mode was used. In this study, an effective sample of 387 Taiwanese who visited the first "ECO Taiwan Expo" in Taiwan was collected. The results showed that the respondents were independently involved in low-carbon tourism, rather than influenced by the views of significant others or groups. In addition, past travel experiences could improve perceived behavioral control and behavioral intention toward "low-carbon tourism" behavior. Finally, a moderating effect of perceived behavioral control between behavioral intention and preferred behavior was found in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-62
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Technology and Human Interaction
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct


  • Carbon reduction
  • Low-carbon tourism
  • Taiwan
  • Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)
  • Tourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Human-Computer Interaction


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