Application of a Schottky barrier to dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with multilayer thin films of photoelectrodes

Ho Chang, Kun Ching Cho, Chin Guo Kuo, Mu Jung Kao, Kuohsiu David Huang, Kung Hui Chu, Xiu Ping Lin

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6 Citations (Scopus)


This study combines Au nanoparticles with TiO2 nanoparticles to form a Schottky barrier, and applies it to the photoelectrode thin film of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). First, commercial TiO2 powder (Degussa P25) is put in the alkaline solution to prepare for TiO nanotubes (Tnt) by using hydrothermal treatment. Tnt are sintered at 550 °C to obtain Tnt-C550 particles. In addition, TiO2 nanoparticles (H180) prepared by subjecting Tnt to two cycles of hydrothermal treatment. H180 served as the first layer, and Tnt-C550 as the second. The third layer adopts salt reduction method to prepare for Au nanoparticles. Experimental results show that the DSSCs prepared with three layers of photoelectrode thin films (H180/Tnt-C550/Au) enhanced the light-to-electricity efficiency of DSSCs by as high as 21% (6.34-7.65%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S486-S489
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul 14



  • Au nanoparties
  • Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)
  • Schottky barrier
  • TiO nanotubes (Tnt)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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