Anti-Invasive Gene Expression Profile of Curcumin in Lung Adenocarcinoma Based on a High Throughput Microarray Analysis

Huei Wen Chen, Sung Liang Yu, Jeremy J.W. Chen, Han Ni Li, Yi Chen Lin, Pei Li Yao, Han Yi Chou, Chiang Ting Chien, Wen Jone Chen, Yuan Teh Lee, Pan Chyr Yang

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Abstract

Curcumin has been reported to exhibit anti-invasive and/or antimetastatic activities, but the mechanism remains unclear. In this study, microarray analysis of gene expression profiles were used to characterize the anti-invasive mechanisms of curcumin in highly invasive lung adenocarcinoma cells (CL1-5). Results showed that curcumin significantly reduces the invasive capacity of CL1-5 cells in a concentration range far below its levels of cytotoxicity (20 μM) and that this anti-invasive effect was concentration dependent (10.17 ± 0.76 × 103 cells at 0 μM; 5.67 ± 1.53 × 103 cells at 1 μM; 2.67 ± 0.58 × 103 cells at 5 μM; 1.15 ± 1.03 × 10 3 cells at 10 μM; P < 0.05) in the Transwell cell culture chamber assay. Using microarray analysis, 81 genes were down-regulated and 71 genes were up-regulated after curcumin treatment. Below sublethal concentrations of curcumin (10 μM), several invasion-related genes were suppressed, including matrix metalloproteinase 14 (MMP14; 0.65-fold), neuronal cell adhesion molecule (0.54-fold), and integrins α6 (0.67-fold) and β4 (0.63-fold). In addition, several heat-shock proteins (Hsp) [Hsp27 (2.78-fold), Hsp70 (3.75-fold), and Hsp40-like protein (3.21-fold)] were induced by curcumin. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry confirmed these results in both RNA and protein levels. Curcumin (1 to 10 μM) reduced the MMP14 expression in both mRNA and protein levels and also inhibited the activity of MMP2, the down-stream gelatinase of MMP14, by gelatin zymographic analysis. Based on these data, it can be concluded that curcumin might be an effective antimetastatic agent with a mechanism of anti-invasion via the regulation of certain gene expressions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-110
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 1

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Curcumin
Microarray Analysis
Transcriptome
Neuronal Cell Adhesion Molecules
Genes
Matrix Metalloproteinase 14
Gelatinases
Proteins
Adenocarcinoma of lung
Gene Expression Regulation
Gelatin
Heat-Shock Proteins
Integrins
Reverse Transcription
Cell Culture Techniques
Western Blotting
Immunohistochemistry
RNA
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Messenger RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Chen, H. W., Yu, S. L., Chen, J. J. W., Li, H. N., Lin, Y. C., Yao, P. L., ... Yang, P. C. (2004). Anti-Invasive Gene Expression Profile of Curcumin in Lung Adenocarcinoma Based on a High Throughput Microarray Analysis. Molecular Pharmacology, 65(1), 99-110. https://doi.org/10.1124/mol.65.1.99

Anti-Invasive Gene Expression Profile of Curcumin in Lung Adenocarcinoma Based on a High Throughput Microarray Analysis. / Chen, Huei Wen; Yu, Sung Liang; Chen, Jeremy J.W.; Li, Han Ni; Lin, Yi Chen; Yao, Pei Li; Chou, Han Yi; Chien, Chiang Ting; Chen, Wen Jone; Lee, Yuan Teh; Yang, Pan Chyr.

In: Molecular Pharmacology, Vol. 65, No. 1, 01.01.2004, p. 99-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, HW, Yu, SL, Chen, JJW, Li, HN, Lin, YC, Yao, PL, Chou, HY, Chien, CT, Chen, WJ, Lee, YT & Yang, PC 2004, 'Anti-Invasive Gene Expression Profile of Curcumin in Lung Adenocarcinoma Based on a High Throughput Microarray Analysis', Molecular Pharmacology, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 99-110. https://doi.org/10.1124/mol.65.1.99
Chen, Huei Wen ; Yu, Sung Liang ; Chen, Jeremy J.W. ; Li, Han Ni ; Lin, Yi Chen ; Yao, Pei Li ; Chou, Han Yi ; Chien, Chiang Ting ; Chen, Wen Jone ; Lee, Yuan Teh ; Yang, Pan Chyr. / Anti-Invasive Gene Expression Profile of Curcumin in Lung Adenocarcinoma Based on a High Throughput Microarray Analysis. In: Molecular Pharmacology. 2004 ; Vol. 65, No. 1. pp. 99-110.
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