Anemia and iron deficiency in pregnant Ghanaian women from urban areas

Cyril Engmann, Richard Adanu, Tsui-Shan Lu, Carl Bose, Betsy Lozoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the prevalence and identify risk factors for iron deficiency and anemia in pregnant Ghanaian women from urban areas. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 452 healthy pregnant women receiving prenatal care in Accra, Ghana, was conducted. A sociodemographic health questionnaire was performed and hematologic parameters were measured. Logistic regression methods were used to identify risk factors for anemia and iron status. Results: Complete data were available for 428 women. Anemia (hemoglobin < 11 g/dL) was present in 144 (34%), iron deficiency (ferritin ≤ 16 μg/L) in 69 (16%), and iron deficiency anemia in 32 (7.5%) women. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for anemia was 3.4 and 9.8 if iron deficiency and malaria parasitemia were present, respectively; the OR was 0.6 if women were at ≥ 36 weeks of pregnancy. The adjusted OR for iron deficiency was 2.7 if women were at ≥ 36 weeks of pregnancy and 0.12 if they had sickle trait. Conclusion: Although anemia and iron deficiency remain substantial problems in pregnant Ghanaian women from urban areas, their prevalence is less than previously reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-66
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Iron-Deficiency Anemias
Pregnant Women
Iron
Anemia
Odds Ratio
Apoferritins
Pregnancy
Ghana
Prenatal Care
Parasitemia
Malaria
Hemoglobins
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Health

Keywords

  • Anemia
  • Ghana
  • Iron deficiency
  • Pregnancy
  • Urban areas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

Anemia and iron deficiency in pregnant Ghanaian women from urban areas. / Engmann, Cyril; Adanu, Richard; Lu, Tsui-Shan; Bose, Carl; Lozoff, Betsy.

In: International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Vol. 101, No. 1, 01.01.2008, p. 62-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Engmann, Cyril ; Adanu, Richard ; Lu, Tsui-Shan ; Bose, Carl ; Lozoff, Betsy. / Anemia and iron deficiency in pregnant Ghanaian women from urban areas. In: International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2008 ; Vol. 101, No. 1. pp. 62-66.
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