An unconstrained smooth minimization reformulation of the second-order cone complementarity problem

Jein Shan Chen*, Paul Tseng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

152 Citations (Scopus)


A popular approach to solving the nonlinear complementarity problem (NCP) is to reformulate it as the global minimization of a certain merit function over ℝ n . A popular choice of the merit function is the squared norm of the Fischer-Burmeister function, shown to be smooth over ℝ n and, for monotone NCP, each stationary point is a solution of the NCP. This merit function and its analysis were subsequently extended to the semidefinite complementarity problem (SDCP), although only differentiability, not continuous differentiability, was established. In this paper, we extend this merit function and its analysis, including continuous differentiability, to the second-order cone complementarity problem (SOCCP). Although SOCCP is reducible to a SDCP, the reduction does not allow for easy translation of the analysis from SDCP to SOCCP. Instead, our analysis exploits properties of the Jordan product and spectral factorization associated with the second-order cone. We also report preliminary numerical experience with solving DIMACS second-order cone programs using a limited-memory BFGS method to minimize the merit function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-327
Number of pages35
JournalMathematical Programming
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Nov


  • Complementarity
  • Error bound
  • Jordan product
  • Level set
  • Merit function
  • Second-order cone
  • Spectral factorization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • General Mathematics


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