An investigation of the reasons for test anxiety, time spent studying, and achievement among adolescents in Taiwan

Tzu Yang Chao, Yao Ting Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Students of middling achievement who achieve intermediate results on the Basic Competence Test, a national high-stakes entrance examination in Taiwan, experience the highest test anxiety. The present study explored why such students experienced greater test anxiety and the source of that anxiety. A questionnaire survey was administered to 5,220 Taiwanese Grade 9 students in order to collect data on test anxiety, reasons for test anxiety, time spent on study, and frequency of cram school attendance. Data regarding students’ achievement on the Basic Competence Test were also collected. The research findings were as follows: First, students of middling achievement had higher test anxiety than their peers. Second, the reasons for their test anxiety also varied according to levels of academic performance–students with middling achievement experienced anxiety about the possibility of not being admitted to a state school (which are more prestigious than private schools in Taiwan). Third, students of middling achievement spent approximately the same amount of time studying as top students but more time studying at cram schools. The findings indicate that students of middle achievement might experience greater test anxiety because they spend more time studying but still run the risk of not being admitted to a state school.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Education
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Taiwan
anxiety
adolescent
student
entrance examination
school
time
school attendance
private school
experience
school grade
questionnaire

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Examination Stress Scale
  • test anxiety
  • time spent studying
  • uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

@article{2a5cf21d1dae4229af55b390123f2725,
title = "An investigation of the reasons for test anxiety, time spent studying, and achievement among adolescents in Taiwan",
abstract = "Students of middling achievement who achieve intermediate results on the Basic Competence Test, a national high-stakes entrance examination in Taiwan, experience the highest test anxiety. The present study explored why such students experienced greater test anxiety and the source of that anxiety. A questionnaire survey was administered to 5,220 Taiwanese Grade 9 students in order to collect data on test anxiety, reasons for test anxiety, time spent on study, and frequency of cram school attendance. Data regarding students’ achievement on the Basic Competence Test were also collected. The research findings were as follows: First, students of middling achievement had higher test anxiety than their peers. Second, the reasons for their test anxiety also varied according to levels of academic performance–students with middling achievement experienced anxiety about the possibility of not being admitted to a state school (which are more prestigious than private schools in Taiwan). Third, students of middling achievement spent approximately the same amount of time studying as top students but more time studying at cram schools. The findings indicate that students of middle achievement might experience greater test anxiety because they spend more time studying but still run the risk of not being admitted to a state school.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Examination Stress Scale, test anxiety, time spent studying, uncertainty",
author = "Chao, {Tzu Yang} and Sung, {Yao Ting}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/02188791.2019.1671804",
language = "English",
journal = "Asia Pacific Journal of Education",
issn = "0218-8791",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An investigation of the reasons for test anxiety, time spent studying, and achievement among adolescents in Taiwan

AU - Chao, Tzu Yang

AU - Sung, Yao Ting

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Students of middling achievement who achieve intermediate results on the Basic Competence Test, a national high-stakes entrance examination in Taiwan, experience the highest test anxiety. The present study explored why such students experienced greater test anxiety and the source of that anxiety. A questionnaire survey was administered to 5,220 Taiwanese Grade 9 students in order to collect data on test anxiety, reasons for test anxiety, time spent on study, and frequency of cram school attendance. Data regarding students’ achievement on the Basic Competence Test were also collected. The research findings were as follows: First, students of middling achievement had higher test anxiety than their peers. Second, the reasons for their test anxiety also varied according to levels of academic performance–students with middling achievement experienced anxiety about the possibility of not being admitted to a state school (which are more prestigious than private schools in Taiwan). Third, students of middling achievement spent approximately the same amount of time studying as top students but more time studying at cram schools. The findings indicate that students of middle achievement might experience greater test anxiety because they spend more time studying but still run the risk of not being admitted to a state school.

AB - Students of middling achievement who achieve intermediate results on the Basic Competence Test, a national high-stakes entrance examination in Taiwan, experience the highest test anxiety. The present study explored why such students experienced greater test anxiety and the source of that anxiety. A questionnaire survey was administered to 5,220 Taiwanese Grade 9 students in order to collect data on test anxiety, reasons for test anxiety, time spent on study, and frequency of cram school attendance. Data regarding students’ achievement on the Basic Competence Test were also collected. The research findings were as follows: First, students of middling achievement had higher test anxiety than their peers. Second, the reasons for their test anxiety also varied according to levels of academic performance–students with middling achievement experienced anxiety about the possibility of not being admitted to a state school (which are more prestigious than private schools in Taiwan). Third, students of middling achievement spent approximately the same amount of time studying as top students but more time studying at cram schools. The findings indicate that students of middle achievement might experience greater test anxiety because they spend more time studying but still run the risk of not being admitted to a state school.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Examination Stress Scale

KW - test anxiety

KW - time spent studying

KW - uncertainty

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85074011761&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85074011761&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02188791.2019.1671804

DO - 10.1080/02188791.2019.1671804

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85074011761

JO - Asia Pacific Journal of Education

JF - Asia Pacific Journal of Education

SN - 0218-8791

ER -