An extreme EXO: A type 2 QSO at z = 1.87

A. Del Moro*, M. G. Watson, S. Mateos, M. Akiyama, Y. Hashimoto, N. Tamura, K. Ohta, F. J. Carrera, G. Stewart

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Aims. We aim to understand the multi-wavelength properties of 2XMM J123204+215255, the source with the most extreme X-ray-to-optical flux ratio amongst a sample of bright X-ray selected EXOs drawn from a cross-correlation of the 2XMMp catalogue with the SDSS-DR5 catalogue. Methods. We use 2XMMp X-ray data, SDSS-DR5, NOT and UKIRT optical/NIR photometric data and Subaru MOIRCS IR spectroscopy to study the properties of 2XMM J123204+215255. We created a model SED including an obscured QSO and the host galaxy component to constrain the optical/IR extinction and the relative contribution of the AGN and the galaxy to the total emission. Results. 2XMM J123204+215255 is a bright X-ray source with fx ≈ 10-12 erg cm-2 s-1 (2-10 keV energy band) which has no detection down to a magnitude i′ 25.2. NIR imaging reveals a faint K-band counterpart and NIR spectroscopy shows a single broad (FWHM =≃ 5300 km s-1) emission line, which is almost certainly Hα at z = 1.87. The X-ray spectrum shows evidence of significant absorption (NH > 1023 cm-2), typical of type 2 AGN, but the broad Hα emission suggests a type 1 AGN classification. The very red optical/NIR colours (i′ - K > 5.3) strongly suggest significant reddening however. We find that simple modelling can successfully reproduce the NIR continuum and strongly constrain the intrinsic nuclear optical/IR extinction to Av ≈ 4, which turns out to be much smaller than the expected from the X-ray absorption (assuming Galactic gas-to-dust ratio).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-451
Number of pages7
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • Galaxies: active
  • Galaxies: quasars: general
  • Infrared: galaxies
  • X-rays: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'An extreme EXO: A type 2 QSO at z = 1.87'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this