An arm length stabilization system for KAGRA and future gravitational-wave detectors

T. Akutsu, M. Ando, K. Arai, K. Arai, Y. Arai, S. Araki, A. Araya, N. Aritomi, Y. Aso, S. Bae, Y. Bae, L. Baiotti, R. Bajpai, M. A. Barton, K. Cannon, E. Capocasa, M. Chan, C. S. Chen, K. Chen, Y. ChenH. Chu, Y. K. Chu, K. Doi, S. Eguchi, Y. Enomoto, R. Flaminio, Y. Fujii, M. Fukunaga, M. Fukushima, G. G. Ge, A. Hagiwara, S. Haino, K. Hasegawa, H. Hayakawa, K. Hayama, Y. Himemoto, Y. Hiranuma, N. Hirata, E. Hirose, Z. Hong, B. H. Hsieh, G. Z. Huang, P. W. Huang, Y. Huang, B. Ikenoue, S. Imam, K. Inayoshi, Y. Inoue, K. Ioka, Y. Itoh, K. Izumi, K. Jung, P. Jung, T. Kajita, M. Kamiizumi, S. Kanbara, N. Kanda, G. Kang, K. Kawaguchi, N. Kawai, T. Kawasaki, C. Kim, J. C. Kim, W. S. Kim, Y. M. Kim, N. Kimura, N. Kita, H. Kitazawa, Y. Kojima, K. Kokeyama, K. Komori, A. K.H. Kong, K. Kotake, C. Kozakai, R. Kozu, R. Kumar, J. Kume, C. Kuo, H. S. Kuo, S. Kuroyanagi, K. Kusayanagi, K. Kwak, H. W. Lee, H. W. Lee, R. Lee, M. Leonardi, L. C.C. Lin, C. Y. Lin, F. L. Lin, G. C. Liu, L. W. Luo, M. Marchio, Y. Michimura, N. Mio, O. Miyakawa, A. Miyamoto, Y. Miyazaki, K. Miyo, S. Miyoki, S. Morisaki, Y. Moriwaki, M. Musha, K. Nagano, S. Nagano, K. Nakamura, H. Nakano, M. Nakano, R. Nakashima, T. Narikawa, R. Negishi, W. T. Ni, A. Nishizawa, Y. Obuchi, W. Ogaki, J. J. Oh, S. H. Oh, M. Ohashi, N. Ohishi, M. Ohkawa, N. Ohmae, K. Okutomi, K. Oohara, C. P. Ooi, S. Oshino, K. C. Pan, H. Pang, J. Park, F. E. Peña Arellano, I. Pinto, N. Sago, S. Saito, Y. Saito, K. Sakai, Y. Sakai, Y. Sakuno, S. Sato, T. Sato, T. Sawada, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Sekiguchi, S. Shibagaki, R. Shimizu, T. Shimoda, K. Shimode, H. Shinkai, T. Shishido, A. Shoda, K. Somiya, E. J. Son, H. Sotani, R. Sugimoto, T. Suzuki, T. Suzuki, H. Tagoshi, H. Takahashi, R. Takahashi, A. Takamori, S. Takano, H. Takeda, M. Takeda, H. Tanaka, K. Tanaka, K. Tanaka, T. Tanaka, T. Tanaka, S. Tanioka, E. N. Tapia San Martin, D. Tatsumi, S. Telada, T. Tomaru, Y. Tomigami, T. Tomura, F. Travasso, L. Trozzo, T. Tsang, K. Tsubono, S. Tsuchida, T. Tsuzuki, D. Tuyenbayev, N. Uchikata, T. Uchiyama, A. Ueda, T. Uehara, K. Ueno, G. Ueshima, F. Uraguchi, T. Ushiba, M. H.P.M. van Putten, H. Vocca, J. Wang, C. Wu, H. Wu, S. Wu, W. R. Xu, T. Yamada, K. Yamamoto, K. Yamamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Yokogawa, J. Yokoyama, T. Yokozawa, T. Yoshioka, H. Yuzurihara, S. Zeidler, Y. Zhao, Z. H. Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Modern ground-based gravitational wave (GW) detectors require a complex interferometer configuration with multiple coupled optical cavities. Since achieving the resonances of the arm cavities is the most challenging among the lock acquisition processes, the scheme called arm length stabilization (ALS) had been employed for lock acquisition of the arm cavities. We designed a new type of the ALS, which is compatible with the interferometers having long arms like the next generation GW detectors. The features of the new ALS are that the control configuration is simpler than those of previous ones and that it is not necessary to lay optical fibers for the ALS along the kilometer-long arms of the detector. Along with simulations of its noise performance, an experimental test of the new ALS was performed utilizing a single arm cavity of KAGRA. This paper presents the first results of the test where we demonstrated that lock acquisition of the arm cavity was achieved using the new ALS. We also demonstrated that the root mean square of residual noise was measured to be 8.2 Hz in units of frequency, which is smaller than the linewidth of the arm cavity and thus low enough to lock the full interferometer of KAGRA in a repeatable and reliable manner.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035004
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 13

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Keywords

  • Gravitational-wave detector
  • Interferometer
  • Multi-colour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Akutsu, T., Ando, M., Arai, K., Arai, K., Arai, Y., Araki, S., Araya, A., Aritomi, N., Aso, Y., Bae, S., Bae, Y., Baiotti, L., Bajpai, R., Barton, M. A., Cannon, K., Capocasa, E., Chan, M., Chen, C. S., Chen, K., ... Zhu, Z. H. (2020). An arm length stabilization system for KAGRA and future gravitational-wave detectors. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 37(3), [035004]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6382/ab5c95