An amphoteric hydrogel: Synthesis and application as an internal curing agent of concrete

Xin Yi Liu, Chang Hsiang Huang, Ching Hsiang Zhuang, Kung Chung Hsu*, Chung Ho Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


A new crosslinked amphoteric hydrogel (PAC) was synthesized and evaluated as an internal curing agent of concrete. PAC was prepared from acrylamide (AM) and 4-(2-((carboxylatomethyl)dimethylammonio)ethoxy)-4-oxobut-2-enoate (CMD) through free-radical polymerization by using ammonium persulfate (APS) as an initiator and methylene-bisacrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinker. The structure of the prepared polymer was verified by the IR spectra. The effects of the polymerization variables on the swelling capacity of PAC were investigated. The water absorbency of PAC was found to increase with increasing CMD/AM ratio, reach a maximum value, and decrease afterword. Increase of either APS or MBA content decreased the water absorbency. The highest water absorbency of PAC hydrogel (P7) achieved in deionized water, 0.1M NaCl solutions and 0.1M CaCl2 solutions, was 306 g/g, 32 g/g, and 22 g/g, respectively. Compared with a commercial acrylate-based hydrogel 283HA, P7 was less sensitive to the existence of Ca2+ ions in cement pore solutions, and more effective in reducing the cracking tendency of cement pastes. Finally, mortars incorporated with proper amounts of P7 showed smaller drying shrinkage and higher compressive strength than that without hydrogel present.

Original languageEnglish
Article number42175
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 1


  • amphoteric hydrogel
  • applications
  • swelling
  • synthesis and processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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