An Adaptive Mechanism for Designing Efficient Snoop Filters

Cheng Hung Lin*, Sze Chen Cho, Shih Chieh Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A common mechanism to ensure cache coherence is to issue snoop requests to all processors to check for the presence of cached data. Since most of snoop requests result in misses in caches and waste a lot of power, snoop filters are widely used to filter out unnecessary snoop requests to reduce power consumption. However, snoop filters also suffer from the similar problem that the false positive predictions consume a large amount of power. Substantially, designing an efficient snoop filter has to make tradeoff decisions between the filter rate and hardware cost. Traditionally, the snoop filter rate can be improved by increasing the memory capacity of snoop filters, but results in the burden of hardware overhead. In this paper, we propose an efficient adaptive mechanism to improve the filter rate of snoop filters by duplicating multiple copies of small snoop filters and distributing cache tags evenly to the duplicated copies according to the analytics of page tables. Experimental results show that the adaptive mechanism applied to JETTY snoop filters achieves an average of 19.17% and 76.1% improvement in the filter rate and memory reduction for the Splash 2 benchmarks, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1233-1240
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul


  • Cache coherence
  • filter rate
  • snoop filter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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